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Children's Emotion Regulation and Attachment to Parents: Parental Emotion Socialization as a Moderator

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We examined the associations among parental emotion socialization, and children's emotion regulation and attachment to parents. In particular, we examined the moderating role of parental emotion socialization in the relationship between children's emotion regulation and attachment to parents. Participants were 78 Turkish children (49 boys) aged from 60 to 77 months and their parents. Parents reported on the socialization strategies they used for their children's emotions and on their children's emotion regulation, and we assessed children's attachment to parents via the Doll Story Completion Task. Results revealed that parents' minimization reaction to children's emotions moderated the association between children's emotion regulation and attachment to parents. When parents' response was punitive, children with poor emotion regulation displayed stronger attachment to parents than children with robust emotion regulation did. In addition, girls had a more secure attachment to parents than boys did. Our results highlight the importance of children's emotion regulation and parental emotion socialization for children's secure early attachment to parents.

Keywords: ATTACHMENT STYLE; CHILDREN'S EMOTION REGULATION; PARENTAL ATTACHMENT; PARENTAL EMOTION SOCIALIZATION; TURKISH CHILDREN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2018

This article was made available online on September 13, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Children’s emotion regulation and attachment to parents: Parental emotion socialization as moderator ".

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