A framework for the comparative analysis of church-state relations in Europe
Stein Rokkan's sequential model of state-, nation-, and cleavage-formation in Western Europe provides a useful starting-point for developing a framework for the comparative analysis of church-state relations in Europe as a whole. Such an exercise necessitates extending his conceptual map spatially so as to include Eastern Europe and temporally so as to take account of a 'critical juncture' long pre-dating the Reformation, namely, the division between Latin and Eastern Orthodox Christianity almost 1,000 years ago. An examination of current data on religious adherence reveals the continued existence of three historic mono-confessional blocs (Orthodox, Catholic and Lutheran) with two intervening multi-confessional belts of territory. In each of these it is hypothesized that quite distinctive patterns of church-state relations will be found as the different confessional traditions have reacted to the challenges and opportunities of both monopoly and minority settings.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2003