The effects of power imbalances and gender on autobiographical memory
This study investigated the effects of power, gender, and gender of partner on content (agency and communal themes) and structure (differentiated and integrated cognitive style) of autobiographical memories for previous power experiences. The results showed that assigned power affected memory content, with helpers including more communal themes in their memories. Gender also affected memory structure, with females structuring memories in a more integrated style, and males in a more differentiated style. Assigned power significantly interacted with gender of partner in affecting the memory content and structure. Helpers who interacted with female leaders structured memories in a more integrated style. Helpers who interacted with male leaders structured memories in a more differentiated style. Participants who interacted with females included more communal themes in their memories.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Publication date: October 1, 2007