This study examined the relationship among word reading efficiency, text reading fluency, and reading comprehension for adult English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. Data from 185 adult Chinese EFL learners preparing to take the Test-of-English-as-a-Foreign-Language™ (TOEFL®)
were analyzed in this study. The participants completed a computer-based test battery of word reading efficiency and text reading fluency in addition to TOEFL iBT (Internet-Based Test) reading comprehension. The findings showed a stronger relationship between text oral reading fluency and
reading comprehension than between word reading efficiency and reading comprehension. The authors recommended that attention be paid to text oral reading fluency in adult EFL reading research and instruction.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of World Languages, Literatures and Linguistics,West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Department of English Language and Literature,Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey
July 1, 2012
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