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MIRROR-TIME: EMPIRICAL FINDINGS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR A CONSTRUCTIVIST PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUE

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This study summarizes and extends prior research on mirror-time, a constructivist psychotherapeutic technique (Mahoney, 1991). Participants (N = 95) were randomly assigned to mirror-time with music or music plus instruction and completed several psychosocial measures including open-ended questions. Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) was recorded for a baseline, mirror-time, and post-mirror condition. Overall, GSR levels increased from the baseline to mirror to post-mirror phases, and significant variations were found among participants according to self-esteem and gender. Gender and social physique anxiety showed a significant interaction in the music condition, suggesting their importance when assigning mirror-time. Both positive and negative affect decreased from pre- to post-study, indicating an overall flattening of affect possibly related to relaxation. Additional findings, participants' reactions, and implications for the use of mirror-time in psychotherapy are summarized.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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