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Impact of On-Site Personal Experience of Violent Death on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder of Bereaved Japanese Family Members in Forensic Autopsy Cases

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The present study investigated the influence of direct on-site experience of violent death on the symptoms involved in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of bereaved Japanese family members (n = 367) in forensic autopsy cases, using a questionnaire survey. Factor analyses of three core symptoms of PTSD confirmed the factor structure. In general linear modeling, the major effect of direct on-site experience of violent death on PTSD score was significant, while manner of death alone did not have such an effect. These findings suggest that direct on-site experience of violent death is essential in the clinical assessment of PTSD-related symptoms of bereaved family members.
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Keywords: Bereaved family member; manner of death; personal on-site experience; posttraumatic stress disorder; violent death

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Abeno, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: July 3, 2016

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