Frequency and impact of trauma in older women: A military and nonmilitary sample
Understanding the impact of trauma on late-life functioning in older females is needed in order to provide best care. We explored the impact of trauma on late-life psychological and physical health and functioning among older women (n = 48) who served in the military,
or participated in a military lifestyle. Eleven of these women were not veterans, but married to military personnel. Number of traumatic exposures and types of events experienced was associated with increased trauma symptom severity. Trauma symptom severity was associated with decreased physical
functioning and increased pain. Increased numbing and avoidance was significantly associated with poorer physical functioning and increased pain. Older women in this study remained at risk of experiencing negative consequences of trauma in terms of increased quantity and severity of trauma
symptoms and physical decline and pain. Clinical and research implications are discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article
National Center for PTSD, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Menlo Park, California, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
January 2, 2016
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