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Posttraumatic stress and physical health among adults: The role of coping mechanisms

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The purpose of the present study was to examine whether coping mechanisms predict physical health, after controlling for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters in a non-clinical sample of adults. Data were collected from 483 adults through an online survey. Most of the participants (66.7%) reported lifetime exposure to at least one traumatic event. The final sample of this study included 319 trauma-exposed individuals. Results indicated that PTSD symptoms on the avoidance and hyperarousal clusters had significant positive relationships with self-reported physical health symptoms. After controlling for gender and PTSD, denial, behavioral disengagement, and self-blame significantly and positively predicted physical health symptoms.
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Keywords: Trauma exposure; coping mechanisms; physical health symptoms; posttraumatic stress disorder

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana, USA

Publication date: January 2, 2016

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