Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to the positive cognitive, spiritual, emotional, and social changes that can occur after a traumatic experience. The current study uses data from 1,663 soldiers who participated in a voluntary survey 6 months after redeployment. The purpose of this
study was to predict posttraumatic growth from combat exposure, unit cohesion, and demographic characteristics. We found that greater combat exposure and stronger unit cohesion were associated with more PTG. Being married, a minority, and a junior enlisted soldier were also predictive of greater
PTG. Our study defines a group of soldiers with low PTG who are at risk for adverse psychosocial problems. Our results suggest that unit cohesion could be targeted and strengthened to improve PTG.
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Document Type: Research Article
Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program, Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, Army Institute of Public Health, Aberdeen, Maryland, USA
National Capital Consortium Occupational and Environmental Medicine Residency Program, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
September 1, 2013
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