The High-Value Commodity Export Effects of Standards in Africa
The stringency in standards usage, especially in developed markets, has trade effects, particularly for Africa. Thus, this study investigated the export effects of the EU standards for Africa in a two-step, Helpman et al. (2008) model for two high-value commodities. In all, 52 African countries were considered from 1995 to 2012. This study finds that fish standards are trade enhancing at the extensive margins, but not at the intensive margins. However, vegetable standards are trade inhibiting at both the extensive and intensive margins. Thus, these findings suggest that the impacts of standards on exports are commodity-specific.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Development and Cooperative Economics, School of Business and Economics, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Publication date: May 26, 2016