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Bereavement hallucinations after the loss of a spouse: Associations with psychopathological measures, personality and coping style

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Bereavement hallucinations (BHs) were assessed in 175 conjugally bereaved participants 4 years post loss, to explore whether BHs were: (a) associated with psychological distress and (b) predicted by sociodemographic variables, personality and/or coping style. Participants with BHs scored significantly higher than those without BHs on prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, depression symptoms, and emotional loneliness. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed avoidant coping, openness to experience, and length of marriage to significantly predict BHs, while detached coping was negatively associated with BHs. This study suggests that BHs may be an indicator of psychological distress in bereavement.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 11, Aarhus C, DK, 8000, Denmark; 2: Touro College Berlin, Campus Am Rupenhorn, Am Rupenhorn 5, Berlin, 14055, Germany

Publication date: April 21, 2019

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