Conceptualizing parental grief as a psychosocial transition, this cross-sectional study of bereaved mothers (N = 35) examined the relationship of dispositional factors, grief reactions, and personal growth. More optimistic mothers reported less intense grief reactions and less distress indicative of complicated grief. Additionally, mothers who usually coped actively had less intense grief reactions. Mothers who habitually coped using positive reframing had less intense grief reactions and less complicated grief. Personal growth, a positive dimension of grief, was associated with all three coping dispositions; mothers' active coping, support seeking, and positive reframing suggesting more personal growth occurred in mothers exhibiting more of these coping dispositions. These findings increase understanding of dispositional factors associated with bereaved mothers' grief responses and expand knowledge concerning personal growth as an outcome of bereavement.
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Document Type: Research Article
College of Nursing, University of Alabama at Huntsville, Hunstville, Alabama, USA
School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tuscon, Arizona, USA
School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
April 1, 2007
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