The puzzle: Multi-vector foreign policy and defense industrialization in Central Asia
The multi-vector policy adopted by the Central Asian countries provides a basis for a flexible approach in their relations with competing international actors to acquire payoffs from economic and military affiliations or partnerships. Consequently, we expect that the defense-industrialization and procurement practices in the region would follow a similar path. However, a closer look reveals that Russia is still the dominant actor in the security and defense-industrial relations in the region. This article argues that perceived threats to regime security, the patrimonial system of rule, and weak industrial bases push Central Asian countries toward Russia as well as hindering the development of capable defense industry.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Center for Foreign Policy and Peace Research, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey
Publication date: August 8, 2018