Cycling as a Part of Daily Life: A Review of Health Perspectives
Health aspects of day-to-day cycling have gained attention from the health sector aiming to increase levels of physical activity, and from the transport and planning sector, to justify investments in cycling. We review and discuss the main pathways between cycling and health under two
perspectives — generalizable epidemiological evidence for health effects and specific impact modeling to quantify health impacts in concrete settings. Substantial benefits from physical activity dominate the public health impacts of cycling. Epidemiological evidence is strong and impact
modeling is well advanced. Injuries amount to a smaller impact on the population level, but affect crash victims disproportionately and perceived risks deter potential cyclists. Basic data on crash risks are available, but evidence on determinants of risks is limited and impact models are
highly dependent on local factors. Risks from air pollution can be assumed to be small, with limited evidence for cycling-specific mechanisms. Based on a large body of evidence, planners, health professionals, and decision-makers can rest assured that benefits from cycling-related physical
activity are worth pursuing. Safety improvements should be part of the efforts to promote cycling, both to minimize negative impacts and to lower barriers to cycling for potential riders.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, Physical Activity and Health Unit, University of Zurich, Seilergraben 49, 8001, Zürich, Switzerland
School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia
January 2, 2016
More about this publication?