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The Role of State-Sponsored Militias in Genocide

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This article explains how and why armed, non-state actors collaborate with states to inflict massive levels of violence. Regime type and state capacity interact to provide state elites a menu of repertoires for implementing violence, some emphasizing direct state action, others emphasizing cooperation and alliance between state and armed, non-state actors. Rather than struggling in vain to build strong states to eliminate armed non-state actors and establish a monopoly over the use of force, averting genocide might necessitate recruiting and strengthening the power of indigenous, armed non-state actors.
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Keywords: conflict resolution; genocide; mass violence; militias; paramilitaries

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Public & International Affairs, Virginia Tech, Alexandria, Virginia, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2014

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