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The size effect of a port on the container handling efficiency level and market share in internation transshipment flow

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This study examines the relationship between the size of a port, its efficiency increase and the performance growth in the transshipment market. The hypothesis tested is that the bigger size of a port would increase the market share of the port in container transshipment; only when the size effect guarantees better 'relative' container handling efficiency in competing port system where the port belongs. To verify the hypothesis, this study carries out two analyses. First, the overall efficiency change of major Asian ports is examined through stochastic frontier analysis (SFA)—this produces the relative efficiency indices of the ports. Second, the relationship between efficiency indices and container transshipment volumes is studied through panel data analysis. From these analyses, it is observed that larger Asian ports show better cargo handling efficiency in relative terms; they also record bigger market share in container transshipment, while the size effect of the ports starts to play a factor when the annual container throughput reaches 5 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU).
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Koramco Reits Management and Trust Co., Seoul, Korea 2: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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