Skip to main content

Engaging employees in value cocreation: interplay among firm, employee, and supervisor

Buy Article:

$63.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Research on value cocreation with customers is considerable, yet questions remain regarding whether and how to engage frontline employees (FLEs) in such efforts. Adopting the ability–motivation–opportunity perspective, we conceptualize service firms’ interaction capabilities as ability, employees’ motivation to cocreate value with customers (EMCCV) as motivation, and supervisor proactive personality as opportunity. This empirical investigation thereby addresses the effect of service firms’ interaction capabilities on EMCCV and employees’ subsequent value cocreation behaviors (participation and citizenship). Data collected from 311 FLEs in automotive industries reveal that EMCCV mediates the positive effects of firms’ interaction capabilities (developmental, relational, ethical, and individuated) on employees’ value cocreation behaviors. Further, supervisor proactive personality significantly strengthens the effects of firms’ interaction capabilities on EMCCV. Supplementary analyses uncover a stronger indirect positive association between firms’ interaction capabilities and employees’ value cocreation behaviors (via EMCCV) when employees perceive their supervisors as proactive. These findings highlight the crucial roles of firms’ interaction capabilities and supervisors’ personalities in motivating FLEs’ value cocreation behaviors during service exchanges. They also reveal practical options for promoting more inclusive, sustainable economic growth and guidelines for fostering and promoting improved working conditions for FLEs (UN Sustainable Development Goal 8).

Keywords: Value cocreation; frontline employees’ behaviors; interaction capabilities; motivation; supervisor proactive personality

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Management and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Malaysia 2: Department of Marketing, School of Business, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong

Publication date: June 10, 2024

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content