Assessing green gentrification in historically disenfranchised neighborhoods: a longitudinal and spatial analysis of Barcelona
To date, little is known about the extent to which the creation of municipal green spaces over an entire city addresses social or racial inequalities in the distribution of environmental amenities – or whether such an agenda creates contributes to green gentrification. In this
study, we evaluate the effects of creating 18 green spaces in socially vulnerable neighborhoods of Barcelona during the 1990s and early 2000s. We examined the evolution over time of six socio-demographic gentrification indicators in the areas close to green spaces in comparison with the entire
districts. Our results indicate that new parks in the old town and formerly industrialized neighborhoods seem to have experienced green gentrification. In contrast, most economically depressed areas and working-class neighborhoods with less desirable housing stock and more isolated from the
city center gained vulnerable residents as they became greener, indicating a possible redistribution and greater concentration of vulnerable residents through the city.
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urban green spaces;
Document Type: Research Article
ICREA Research Professor, UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats), ICTA (Institute for Environmental Science and Technology) and IMIM (Medical Research Institute, Hospital del
Mar), Bellaterra, Spain
UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), ICTA (Institute for Environmental Science and Technology), IMIM (Medical Research Institute, Hospital del Mar), and Northeastern University, Cerdanyola, Spain
UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), ICTA (Institute for Environmental Science and Technology) Cerdanyola, Spain
Department of Geography and Urban Studies, Hamil Pearsall, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
March 16, 2018