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Leisure meanings and comparisons with work

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Leisure must be considered as part of the broader domain of work and nonwork activities and the relationship between them defined according to the actors' own perceptions. The methodology adopted in this study allowed a sample of managers to describe their activities by rating them on a set of constructs selected on the basis of a pilot study. Qualitative and quantitative analysis indicated that managers distinguished two types of nonwork activities that either extended or contrasted with their experiences at work. Some nonwork activities were judged on whether they were creative, challenging and involved mental activity. These were similar to work activities while others were more concerned with relationships and personal freedom. Comparisons between nonwork and work suggested that while work was more stimulating, nonwork was more enjoyable, socially oriented and discretionary. Disliked activities tended to be routine, unstimulating and stressful. Suggestions are made for practical applications of these findings.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Publication date: April 1, 1993

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