Bringing appraisal theory to environmental risk perception: a review of conceptual approaches of the past 40 years and suggestions for future research
An intensive program of 40 years of research has produced various conceptual cognitive and affective approaches to environmental risk perception. In this short review of the most relevant conceptual approaches, appraisal theory is presented as a useful means of integrating cognitive
and affective approaches to risk perception. Appraisal theory offers an opportunity to advance our understanding of how environmental risk perception operates in an emotion-specific manner and enables identification of new research directions. Although within other conceptual approaches there
are still open research questions, the potential for examining environmental risk perception within appraisal theory has not yet been fully explored. Reviewing current appraisal theoretical models, seven research questions are suggested to structure future research on environmental risk perception.
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Document Type: Research Article
Consumer Behavior,ETH Zurich, Institute for Environmental Decisions (IED), Zurich, Switzerland
Evans School of Public Affairs,University of Washington, Seattle,WA, USA
Psychology and Communication of Health and Risk,University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education,University of Trento, Trento, Italy
University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
School of Psychology,Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK
Publication date: March 1, 2012
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