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The impact of BRE's commercialization on the research community

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This paper comments on the development of the infrastructure of UK building research by reference to political, economic and industrial factors which shape the needs for research. The needs of industry have not been easily met by traditional approaches to the organization of research. As a result, new types of research collaboration and organizations (institutes and clubs) have emerged. There have also been attempts to develop overarching national strategies for research and encourage collaborative academic and industrial projects. The ramifications of the recent privatization of the Building Research Establishment (BRE) are explored with reference to long-term implications for research skills, training and on the international standing of the UK's building research activities.

Dans cet article, l'auteur expose ses vues sur le developpement de l'infrastructure de la recherche dans le secteur du batiment en Grande Bretagne; a cet effet, il se refere aux facteurs politiques, economiques et industriels qui faconnent la necessite de la recherche. Les methodes classiques d'organization de la recherche n'ont pas permis de repondre facilement aux besoins de l'industrie. C'est ce qui explique l'apparition de nouveaux types de collaboration et d'organization dans le domaine de la recherche (instituts et clubs). On a egalement tente de developper des strategies nationales de recherche contraignantes et d'encourager des projets academiques et industriels a mener en cooperation. L'auteur examine les ramifications de la privatisation recente du BRE en se referant aux consequences a long terme sur les competences en matiere de recherche et de formation et sur la stature internationale des activites de recherche du Royaume-Uni dans le secteur du batiment.
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Keywords: INNOVATION; POLICY; RESEARCH; RESEARCH CAPABILITIES; RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE; RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS; UNIVERSITIES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 1997

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