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Enhancing positive parent–child interactions and family functioning in a poverty sample: a randomized control trial

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This study tested the attachment-based intervention program Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) in a randomized controlled trial with poor families of toddlers screened for professional’s concerns about the child’s caregiving environment. The VIPP-SD is an evidence-based intervention, but has not yet been tested in the context of poverty. The sample included 43 families with 1- to 4-year-old children: mean age at the pretest was 29 months and 51% were boys. At the pretest and posttest, mother–child interactions were observed at home, and mothers reported on family functioning. The VIPP-SD proved to be effective in enhancing positive parent–child interactions and positive family relations in a severely deprived context. Results are discussed in terms of implications for support services provided to such poor families in order to reduce intergenerational risk transmission.
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Keywords: attachment; family functioning; intervention; parenting; parent–child interaction; poverty

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Center for Studies in Human Development, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Catholic University, Porto, Portugal 2: School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal 3: Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands

Publication date: July 4, 2014

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