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Validity of the TAS-45 as a measure of toddler-parent attachment: preliminary evidence from Early Head Start families

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A new observational measure of attachment strategies in the home, the Toddler Attachment Sort-45 (TAS-45) was completed for 59 18- to 36-month-old recipients of EHS. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA); children were tested on the Preschool Language Scale (PLS-4); and a mother-child snack was videotaped and coded for dyadic mutuality. The TAS-45 Security score was associated with more dyadic mutuality, higher language and competence scores, and lower problem scores. Discriminant validity was evidenced by a lack of associations with the TAS-45 Dependence score. The TAS-45 Disorganized “hotspot” (cluster) score also showed expected associations with these outcomes. Results are discussed in terms of next steps for use of the TAS-45 in research and practice.
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Keywords: Early Head Start; attachment; home visiting; mother-child interaction; toddlers

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, USA 2: School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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