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Effects of self-referencing on feeling-of-knowing accuracy and recollective experience

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The current research investigated the impact of self-referencing (SR) on feeling-of-knowing (FOK) judgements to improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying these metamemory judgements and specifically test the relationship between recollective experiences and FOK accuracy within the accessibility framework FOK judgements are thought to be by-products of the retrieval process and are therefore closely related to memory performance. Because relating information to one's self is one of the factors enhancing memory performance, we investigated the effect of self-related encoding on FOK accuracy and recollective experience. We compared performance on this condition to a separate deep processing condition in which participants reported the frequency of occurrence of pairs of words. Participants encoded pairs of words incidentally, and following a delay interval, they attempted at retrieving each target prompted by its cue. Then, they were re-presented with all cues and asked to provide FOK ratings regarding their likelihood of recognising the targets amongst distractors. Finally, they were given a surprise recognition task in which following each response they identified whether the response was remembered, known or just guessed. Our results showed that only SR at encoding resulted in better memory, higher FOK accuracy and increased recollective experience.
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Keywords: Accessibility; Feeling-of-knowing; Recollection; Remember-know (R–K) judgements; Self-referencing

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Bogazici University, Bebek, Istanbul, Turkey 2: Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA 3: Department of Psychology, Yasar University, Izmir, Turkey

Publication date: July 4, 2015

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