Exploring self-defining memories in schizophrenia
Previous studies have shown that patients with schizophrenia are impaired in recalling specific events from their personal past. However, the relationship between autobiographical memory impairments and disturbance of the sense of identity in schizophrenia has not been investigated
in detail. In this study the authors investigated schizophrenic patients' ability to recall self-defining memories; that is, memories that play an important role in building and maintaining the self-concept. Results showed that patients recalled as many specific self-defining memories as healthy
participants. However, patients with schizophrenia exhibited an abnormal reminiscence bump and reported different types of thematic content (i.e., they recalled less memories about past achievements and more memories regarding hospitalisation and stigmatisation of illness). Furthermore, the
findings suggest that impairments in extracting meaning from personal memories could represent a core disturbance of autobiographical memory in patients with schizophrenia.
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Document Type: Research Article
University of Geneva, Switzerland,Hopital La Colombiere CHU Montpellier, and INSERM U-888, France
University of Liege, and Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), Belgium
University of Geneva, Switzerland
Hopital Gui de Chauliac CHU Montpellier, and INSERM U-888, France
Hopital La Colombiere CHU Montpellier, and INSERM U-888, France
University of Geneva, Switzerland,University of Liege, Belgium
October 1, 2008