Cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories and autobiographical memory: Specificity, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective
Autobiographical memory (AM) specificity is impaired in depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Previous studies emphasised the role of cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories in this impairment. This study aimed to examine the association of cognitive avoidance of intrusive
memories with specificity, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective. A total of 38 healthy participants were given the revised Impact of Event Scale (IES-R) and an AM task designed to assess positive and negative memories regarding specificity, autonoetic consciousness (remember/know
procedure), and self-perspective (field/observer procedure). Taking into account age, verbal IQ, mood, harm avoidance, and executive resources, the IES-R avoidance subscale was negatively correlated with specificity and remember responses for positive memories, and with remember and field
responses for negative memories. These findings suggest that cognitive avoidance of intrusive memories is associated with a decrease of the episodic components of AM retrieval.
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Document Type: Research Article
CNRS UMR 7593, IFR Neurosciences Pitie-Salpetriere, and Department of C-L Psychiatry, European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Assistance publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
CNRS UMR 7593, IFR Neurosciences Pitie-Salpetriere, Paris, France
CNRS UMR 8189, Institute of Psychology, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France
CNRS UMR 7593, IFR Neurosciences Pitie-Salpetriere, and Department of Psychiatry, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, Assistance publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
October 1, 2008