Can test list context manipulations improve recognition accuracy in the DRM paradigm?
Only test‐based manipulations can be used to help people distinguish accurate from false memories once events have been encoded. In two experiments we examined how the type of studied words (weak vs strong associates, or less vs more memorable associates) and nonstudied lure words (related vs unrelated lures) on the test list affect recognition accuracy in the Deese‐Roediger‐McDermott paradigm. False recognition of critical lures decreased substantially in the related‐lure context, but so did correct recognition of studied words. False recognition was little affected by the studied‐word manipulations. In general, participants claimed to recognise critical lures as often as weak associates or less memorable studied words but less often than either strong associates or more memorable studied words. The test‐list context affected how participants classified their recognition experiences but it did not systematically change their overall memory accuracy.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Publication date: November 1, 2005