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Young and armed: a cross-sectional study on weapon carrying among adolescents

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The purpose of this study was to identify empirically, for the first time in France, the prevalence of adolescent weapon carrying with particular focus on the contribution of a broad range of social bonding, strain, social learning, and sociodemographic predictors. A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted using a backward elimination procedure to identify the significant predictors of weapon carrying controlling for age, gender, and SES in a sample of 12,706 French youth aged 11–19 years. Results revealed that the odds of weapon carrying increased among adolescents who suffered from past victimization, who had a negative relationship with their mother, and who repeated a grade at school. Moreover, holding pro-delinquent beliefs and having delinquent peers also increased the odds of weapon carrying. Our findings highlight the importance of the interpersonal and social context when examining the determinants of weapon carrying and showed a unique contribution of components of social bonding, strain, and social learning in weapon carrying among adolescents.
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Keywords: Aggression; adolescence; criminal life style; delinquency; juvenile delinquency

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Psychologie, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France

Publication date: May 27, 2016

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