Information about the success of a new technology is usually held asymmetrically between the research and development (R&D)-performing firm and potential lenders and investors. This raises the cost of capital for financing R&D externally, resulting in financing constraints on
R&D, especially for firms with limited internal resources. Previous literature provided evidence for start-up firms on the role of patents as signals to investors, in particular to Venture Capitalists. This study adds to previous insights by studying the effects of firms’ patenting
activity on the degree of financing constraints on R&D for a panel of established firms. The results show that patents do indeed attenuate financing constraints for small firms where information asymmetries may be particularly high and collateral value is low. Larger firms are not only
less subject to financing constraints, but also do not seem to benefit from a patent quality signal.
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research and development
Document Type: Research Article
Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE), Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley, USA and NBER, Cambridge, USA
Center for R&D Monitoring (ECOOM) at KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Publication date: April 2, 2016
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