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Center–periphery relations, local governance and conflicts in Ethiopia: the experience of Metekel province

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In Ethiopia, the study and issue of center–periphery relations is not an easy task. It has remained complex and dynamics as it has been dictated and shaped by ever changing socio-economic relations, state ideology and structure. A case in point is Metekel region, which had been characterized by under development, lowland, hot climate and traditional way of life. Until post-1991developments, Metekel was peripheral in relation to the central state. It was an area of confrontation and conflict. Owing to the structural weakness of the centre, successive rulers of the area did not command effective control over it. Focusing on Gumuz, a Nilo-Saharan family, on one hand, and highlanders and new settlers, on the other, this essay examined the main features and dynamics of center–periphery relations, governance and conflicts in Metekel area. The sources, both primary and secondary, have been carefully examined based on the objectives of the study.
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Keywords: Center; Ethiopia; Gojjam; Metekel; conflicts; local governance; periphery

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of History, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Publication date: November 2, 2018

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