Gendered Islamophobia: hate crime against Muslim women
Post 9/11, most western nations have seen dramatic increases in bias motivated violence against Muslims and those perceived to be Muslim. Predicated on the long-lived vilification of Muslims by the media and the state, such violence is a reactionary reminder of Muslims' outsider status. Interestingly, little attention has been paid to the particular vulnerability of women and girls to anti-Muslim hate crime. This paper begins such a dialogue.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada
Publication date: January 2, 2014