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The knowledge gap: examining the rhetoric and implementation of peer education for HIV prevention in Myanmar

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In this paper, I report on an examination of the rhetoric and implementation of peer education in Myanmar. I demonstrate that while there was widespread consistency on interviewees' views of what peer education should involve, there was a significant gap between this rhetoric and the ways in which peer education was implemented, particularly in relation to the training of peer educators. It is my argument that this gap occurred because of failure to utilise, or even recognise, a particular form of knowledge: knowledge as phronesis, which is most commonly translated as ‘practical wisdom’ and incorporates factual, emotional and experiential knowledge. Instead, as I show, the pedagogic processes in use in peer education practice in Myanmar drew on an (unexpressed) understanding of knowledge as episteme: a form of knowledge that is facts-based, technical and presumed objective.
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Keywords: HIV; Myanmar; peer education; phronesis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Publication date: July 4, 2015

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