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Economic performance and carbon intensity of human well-being: empirical evidence from the MENA region

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Our paper explores the effect of economic performance variables on the carbon intensity of human well-being (CIWB) for 13 countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region over the period (1995–2013). We use a time-series cross-sectional Prais–Winsten regression model with panel-corrected standard errors (PCSEs). We find that economic performance has a statistically significant positive influence on CIWB over the period in question; thus, economic performance harms the environment, but the final effect deviates to a constant level after a while. This finding is not encouraging from the economic sustainability point of view. On the contrary, we find that total health expenditure has a statistically significant negative impact on CIWB by increasing life expectancy, which means less stress on the environment.
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Keywords: MENA region; carbon intensity of human well-being; economic performance; panel analysis; sustainable economics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Economics and Finance, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, UAE

Publication date: March 21, 2018

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