Transformative targets in sustainability policy making: the case of the 30% EU mitigation goal
This paper explores to what extent moving towards the 30% GHG emission reductions by 2020 with respect to 1990 in the EU can be considered a transformative target. To do so, we first define the concept of transformative targets from a complex systems perspective and show a novel
approach and original results using an extended application of the GEM-E3 model. Traditional macroeconomic models cannot easily handle key synergetic system effects derived from green growth and sustainability policies, and thus require additional features. We analyse the role of semi-endogenous
growth driven by learning-by-doing and low-carbon investment expectations following a long-term transformative trajectory.
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EU climate policy;
Document Type: Research Article
Global Climate Forum and Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Campus UAB, E08193 Cerdanyola del Vallés Catalonia, Spain
Reims Management School, Paris, France and Smith School of Enterprise and Environment, University of Oxford, UK
Nijenrode Business University, the Netherlands
Global Climate Forum and Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany
University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France
Energy-Economy-Modelling Laboratory (E3M-Lab), National Technical University of Athens, Greece
Publication date: October 1, 2013
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