The aim of this paper is to identify the critical enablers to high performance environmental management (EM). Using empirical data, we explore green operational practices associated with both self-regulatory and voluntary environmental standards and their impacts on firms’ performances
in China under different operating conditions (i.e. with Internal EM Programmes or Supply-Chain-Wide EM Programmes). Our data show that both self-regulatory (e.g. adopting environmentally conscious operations) and voluntary environmental standard (e.g. adopting ISO 14001 guidelines) approaches
positively related to the overall performance of the firm. Voluntary environmental standards seem to be more highly associated with the overall performance of the firm. A major reason for this is the awareness and understanding of environmental sustainability. Applications of voluntary environmental
standards, such as ISO 14001, thus offer and open up continuous improvement opportunities to impose greener standards for organisations in China. By focusing on the critical enablers, firms in China could become more environmentally responsible while improving their economic and operational
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environmentally conscious operations;
structural equation model;
voluntary environmental standards
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Management and Management Science, Lubin School of Business, Pace University, 1 Pace Plaza New York, NY, 10038, USA
Department of Finance and Decision Sciences, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
HSBC School of Business, Peking University, Shenzhen, P. R. China
Publication date: October 1, 2013
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