In the US, relatively little research has been done in recent years to inform the development and implementation of cumulative impact assessment (CIA) policy. Past studies have primarily focused on the requirements and practices of the National Environmental Policy Act, but little is
known about the challenges and opportunities relating to CIA practices at the state level. By analysing data from a national survey of state environmental review programme administrators, this study identified the inability of state programmes to facilitate CIA practices as a major barrier
to effective implementation, particularly reflected by the perceived lack of explicit procedures and data for conducting CIA. Important strategies for improvement included adopting detailed guidelines specifying what to include in an assessment and developing institutional mechanisms to encourage
state agency co-ordination. Some differences in perception were observed across programmes due to the different types of state-level environmental review frameworks within which cumulative impacts are assessed. In addition, administrators from programmes without CIA requirements seemed to
overestimate the cost and time needed to implement CIA. Changing their perception may contribute to the adoption of CIA procedures in these states.
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environmental impact assessment;
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Environment and Society,Utah State University, 5215 Old Main HillLogan,UT,84322-5215, USA
Department of Forest Resources,University of Minnesota, 1530 Cleveland Avenue NorthSt. Paul,MN,55108-6112, USA
Publication date: September 1, 2012
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