The outcomes of frameworks and practices for stakeholder involvement in environmental impact assessment (EIA) for road planning, under the umbrella of a common EU legal framework, are investigated here in specific national contexts. Data for the two empirical cases examined - Poland and Sweden - are related to the recent ongoing discussion on context dependency for Environmental Assessments (EA). The analysis, informed by practitioner interviews and documentary review, comprises a historical review of the evolution of EIA and stakeholder involvement, and examines more closely the legal frameworks, formal and informal arenas for stakeholder involvement, and norms of stakeholder involvement held by professionals involved in the planning process in the two countries. The results challenge existing assumptions about the relative depth of institutionalisation of stakeholder involvement and environmental concern in a Scandinavian and Central-Eastern European context, and highlight the decisive role of practitioners in the application of EA frameworks in planning practice.
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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA);
Document Type: Research Article
School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
Mobility, actors and planning processes, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linkoping, Sweden
Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Publication date: April 1, 2011
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