The social and economic ramifications of marine conservation strategies such as marine protected areas (MPAs) are important to consider prior to their implementation to ensure that they do not exceed the resilience of resource-users and that resource protection might be maximised through compliance and low resistance. This paper presents a framework in which the human dimensions can be more easily and usefully integrated into the design and delivery of conservation initiatives. The framework espouses quantifying (1) the level of dependency on the resource; (2) perceptions towards conservation initiatives; and (3) social resilience. The framework is applied in Salum, Egypt, which is the site of a prospective MPA.
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barriers to change;
marine protected areas;
social impact assessment
Document Type: Research Article
CSIRO, Sustainable Ecosystems, Queensland, Australia
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Australia
IUCN Global Marine Program and Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, Parque Tecnologico de Andalucia, Calle Marie Curie 35, Malaga, Spain
Publication date: October 1, 2009
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