The examinations conducted in this study focus at the community level to test for disparate outcomes involving utility-based electric power generation within the crucial state of Texas. Potential policy implications are discussed as relevant to the general thesis of environmental racism postulated by justice advocates and the civil rights strategies advanced by justice advocates. Cross-sectional and longitudinal perspectives are used in testing for distributive inequities involving locations of fossil fuel power plants and emissions and output rates of emissions originating from such power plants. These tests provide empirical basis for assessing outcomes of the siting and emissions regulatory processes. While the civil rights strategies that would use Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the disparate impact standard are inapplicable, some limited findings indicate disparate outcomes involving other disadvantaged populations that are difficult to justify in context of legitimate market dynamics. Issues raised in this study have relevance to national energy policy proposals that promote many more power plants across the USA and encourage emissions trading.
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Document Type: Research Article
Institute for Science Technology and Public Policy, Bush School of Government and Public Service
Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, Texas, USA
November 1, 2005
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