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Human values priorities: effects of self-centredness and age

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This study aims to assess the effects of the degree of self-centredness/selflessness and age on human values priorities according to Schwartz model. This model displays two main dimensions which oppose on one hand, self-enhancement to self-transcendence and on the other hand, openness to change to conservation. The sample consisted of 307 adults aged 18 to 65 who filled in two questionnaires: the Self-Transcendence Inventory (STI) and the Questionnaire of Values by Portraits (QVP). The results show that the more people were selfless, the more they gave greater importance to self-transcendence and less importance to self-enhancement; and inversely. Moreover, the older the participants were, the more they valorised collective values compared to individual values. Finally, age appeared as a more relevant predictor of values priorities than the degree of self-centredness. Such results could be of first importance in terms of designing moral education strategies.
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Keywords: age; self; self-centredness/ selflessness; values

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Université Côte d’Azur, Nice, France 2: Laboratory of Clinical, Cognitive and Social Anthropology and Psychology (LAPCOS), Nice, France

Publication date: April 3, 2019

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