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Religious reflection in Pakistan: further evidence of integration between Muslim faith and intellect

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Religious groups outside the West have displayed a positive correlation between faith and intellect-oriented reflection in contrast to the negative relationship found with American Christians. This study extended the analysis to Pakistani Muslims. University students (N = 180) responded to religious reflection scales along with measures of religious orientation and satisfaction with life. Faith- and intellect-oriented reflection correlated positively, and both displayed direct relationships with religious orientations and satisfaction with life. In multiple regression analyses, both combined to predict the intrinsic religious orientation, but faith-oriented reflection was the only significant predicter of other measures. These data further documented a compatibility between Muslim faith and intellect and supplemented other cross-cultural findings in suggesting that understandings of more conservative religious beliefs may require sensitivity not only to their content, but also to their cultural context.
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Keywords: Islamic religious reflection; Pakistan; cross-cultural differences; religious orientations; satisfaction with life

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan 2: Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, USA 3: Oregon Enterprise Data Analytics, Oregon Department of Human Services and Oregon Health Authority, Salem, OR, USA

Publication date: July 3, 2018

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