Religious groups outside the West have displayed a positive correlation between faith and intellect-oriented reflection in contrast to the negative relationship found with American Christians. This study extended the analysis to Pakistani Muslims. University students (N = 180)
responded to religious reflection scales along with measures of religious orientation and satisfaction with life. Faith- and intellect-oriented reflection correlated positively, and both displayed direct relationships with religious orientations and satisfaction with life. In multiple regression
analyses, both combined to predict the intrinsic religious orientation, but faith-oriented reflection was the only significant predicter of other measures. These data further documented a compatibility between Muslim faith and intellect and supplemented other cross-cultural findings in suggesting
that understandings of more conservative religious beliefs may require sensitivity not only to their content, but also to their cultural context.
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Islamic religious reflection;
satisfaction with life
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Psychology, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, USA
Oregon Enterprise Data Analytics, Oregon Department of Human Services and Oregon Health Authority, Salem, OR, USA
July 3, 2018
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