Specialisation, Interdisciplinarity, and Incommensurability
Incommensurability may be regarded as driving specialisation, on the one hand, and as posing some problems to interdisciplinarity, on the other hand. It may be argued, however, that incommensurability plays no role in either specialisation or interdisciplinarity. Scientific specialties could be defined as simply ‘different’ (that is, about different things), rather than ‘incommensurable’ (that is, competing for the explanation of the same phenomena). Interdisciplinarity could be viewed as the co-ordinated effort of scientists possessing complementary and interlocking skills, and not as the overcoming of some sort of incommensurable divide. This article provides a comprehensive evaluative examination of the relations between specialisation, interdisciplinarity, and incommensurability. Its aim is to defend the relevance of incommensurability to both specialisation and interdisciplinarity. At the same time, it aims at correcting the tendency, common among many philosophers, to regard incommensurability in a restrictive manner—such as, for example, as an almost purely semantic issue.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,
Publication date: 03 July 2017