Indonesia's New Banking Law
An accumulation of old banking laws was replaced with a single new one early in 1992. The previous focus on the lending side of banks' activities has been replaced by greater emphasis on their deposit mobilisation and intermediation functions. Distinctions between commercial, savings and development banks have been dropped—the only functional distinction remaining being that between banks which offer cheque account services and the much smaller ones which do not. Important changes relating to ownership include placing the state banks on the same legal footing as those from the private sector, allowing them to sell their shares to the public, and permitting foreigners to purchase shares in domestic banks listed on the stock exchange. Those who breach the new law are liable to heavy fines and gaol terms. The law allows the government to require all (not just state) banks to undertake special developmental or equity-oriented programs.
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