Social capital has gained increasing attention from social workers as a way to understand the social networks and resources available to clients, especially new immigrants. Although researchers have developed helpful measures of social capital, a need remains to translate these tools
into the native languages of immigrants, while addressing any specific cultural considerations. It would be beneficial for social workers to have access to an Arabic version of a social capital scale. This article describes the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the Onyx and
Bullen social capital scale from English to Arabic. Using the responses from 326 Iraqi-Canadians, the instrument was factor analysed to verify the underlying conceptual structure. The translated instrument was found to be consistent with Onyx and Bullen’s original factorial structure
and to have good internal reliability with a Cronbach coefficient alpha for the overall instrument, which was comparable to the original scale.
Social workers’ roles in Australia and Canada need to enhance culturally
competent social and mental health services to immigrants and refugees.
Schools of Social Work in Australia and Canada can increase the preparation of students to work with immigrants and refugees, which can potentially help in energising the economy.
workers could use this scale to assess the level of social support and integration of Arabic speaking individuals, especially newcomers to Australia and Canada.
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Cross-cultural Social Work;
Social Capital Scale
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies and the School of Social Work, Lakehead University, Orillia, Canada
School of Social Work, Lakehead University, Orillia, Canada
Faculty of Social Work, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada
Department of Applied Human Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Canada
Publication date: October 2, 2018