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Qualitative Study of Health Disorders Of Traditional Divers

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Objective: In this study, we examined the characteristics of health problems associated with traditional divers (N = 10) so as to provide responsive prevention and intervention for persons engaged in this informal occupation. Methods: For this qualitative research we used a phenomenological design. We conducted data analysis in 2 ways: (1) we mapped the responses of our participants to interview questions, and (2) we applied ATLAS. Ti22 software for analytic description. Results: Complaints of muscle cramps were felt by 4 participants who consumed < 2 liters of water per day, 2 persons with a body mass index (BMI) in the obese category, and one diver who was overweight. Ear complaints were related to diving depth, diving duration, cigarette smoking, and BMI. Muscle complaints were related to water consumption, dive depth, and BMI is 0.22. Conclusion: Education, surveillance, and policy initiatives are necessary to minimize the negative health effects of traditional diving.

Keywords: DIVING DEPTH; HEALTH PROBLEMS; MUSCLE CRAMP COMPLAINTS; MUSCLE CRAMPS; SMOKING HABITS; TRADITIONAL DIVER

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Indonesia 2: Department of Policy and Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Indonesia 3: Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Publication date: March 1, 2023

This article was made available online on May 29, 2023 as a Fast Track article with title: "Qualitative Study of Health Disorders of Traditional Divers".

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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