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Self-efficacy and Leisure-time Physical Activity among Rural Residents

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Objective: In this study, we examined leisure-time aerobic physical activity (PA) and PA self-efficacy levels and assessed their relationship in a vulnerable adult population. Methods: Data regarding 909 respondents were drawn through the baseline interview from a group randomized community-based intervention in Appalachia. Leisure-time PA was assessed by using the Godin Leisure Time Questionnaire. Results: Levels of leisure-time physical activity and related self-efficacy were low among the study participants. In unadjusted and adjusted analyses, physical activity self-efficacy was positively associated with engagement in the recommended levels of physical activity. Conclusion: Promotion of physical activity by emphasizing an individual's confidence in ability to perform may be relevant for future health interventions concerned with adoption of health behaviors among vulnerable populations.
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Keywords: APPALACHIAN HEALTH; LEISURE; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY SELF-EFFICACY; SELF-EFFICACY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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