Time Preferences and Physical Activity: Insights from Behavioral Economics
Objective: We examined the relationship between time preferences and physical activity among adults. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 7071 adults in the United States. Time preferences were elicited based on a hypothetical dollar amount today or a larger sum in 30 days, and a dollar amount 30 days from now or a larger sum in 60 days. Physical activity was self-reported. Results: In multivariable analysis, high future time preferences were 1.2 times more likely to meet guidelines than those that were not future oriented (30 days: OR=1.24, 95%CI 1.02-1.52; 60 days: OR= 1.23, 95%CI=1.06-1.44). Conclusions: We demonstrate a positive relationship between future time preferences and physical activity. Future research should aim to assess this relationship using prospective designs.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: American Cancer Society, Department of Intramural Research, Economic and Health Policy Research, Atlanta, GA, USA
Publication date: January 1, 2017
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