The Effects of Neighborhood Enhancements on Children's Physical Activity
Objectives: We evaluated whether significant changes made to the built environment impact children's physical activity levels. Methods: We carried out a “natural experiment” in a low-income, minority neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri. Families with children 5-14 years old from an experimental and a comparison neighborhood completed a survey assessing parental perceptions of child physical activity behaviors before and after significant built environmental improvements. Results: Parents reported no significant change in children's physical activity levels in either neighborhood. Conclusions: Enhancements to the built environment have been recommended; however, results suggest additional efforts beyond built environment improvements may be needed to increase children's activity levels, especially among low-income, minority populations.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, Department of Exercise Science, Columbia, SC, USA
Publication date: 01 November 2015
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