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Open Access Global Overview of School Health Services: Data from 102 Countries

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Objective : The objective of this paper was to produce a global inventory of school health services and describe characteristics such as target group, providers, staffing level, services, settings, and organizational challenges. Methods : The literature in PubMed and other sources were reviewed using an explicit methodology. Results : School health services exist in at least 102 countries. Usually services are provided within school premises (97 countries), by dedicated school health personnel (59 countries). Services are provided in 16 areas; the top 5 interventions include vaccinations, sexual and reproductive health education, vision screening, nutrition screening, and nutrition health education. Conclusions : Important areas such as mental health, injury and violence prevention may not be given sufficient consideration in routine service provision. We advance several recommendations for research, policy, and practice.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: World Health Organization, Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication date: July 1, 2015

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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