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The Implications of Demographic Variables as Related to Burnout Among a Sample of Special Education Teachers

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The attrition rate of highly qualified special education teachers is a pervasive problem in the United States. This study investigated the association between the burnout subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment relative to 10 demographic variables. Sixty-five special education teachers constituted the study sample. The study relied on data obtained from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey and a demographic questionnaire. The mean reliability coefficient (Cronbach's a) for the subscales comprising the instrument was found to be a = .81. Results were analyzed descriptively (frequencies and percentages). Gender and Marital status were also analyzed inferentially using the t-test. Descriptive findings suggested an association between all of the demographic variables and burnout. However, inferential analysis of gender and marital status related to the three subscales indicated that the differences were not statistically significant. Findings resulted in practice and policy recommendations for special education teachers and educational leaders.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2015

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  • Education publishes original investigations and theoretical papers dealing with worthwhile innovations in learning, teaching, and education. Preference is given to innovations in the school — proposed or actual — and theoretical or evaluative. Papers concern all levels and every area of education and learning. Education is primarily concerned with teacher preparation in all of its many aspects.
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